The game of checkers is known as a quite simple board game, it was discovered by archeologists that it is originated from Iraq, around 3000 B.C., but its rules suffered different changes and we cannot clearly state which ones are the exact rules. Checkers is also called Draughts in Great Britain. In 1400 B.C. a game appeared in Ancient Egypt which was called “Alquerque”, but later, around 1100 some French people introduced this game to be played on a board. By this time they expanded the number of pieces to 12 on one side and the game was known as “Fierges” or “Ferses”. The older version of this game was considered the women’s game and it was called “Le Jeu Plaisant De Dames” (The Pleasant Game of the Ladies).
Later on, checkers has got to England and America and it became more popular in Europe and in 1847 was organized the first world championship. As people started to gain experience in this field, they figured out that some exceptional moves puts them always in advantage, and this way they formed certain moves which are applied even these days during a game. Today checkers can be played online as well, just like casino
games, for the very first time it was played in 1952 on a computer.
Checkers is played on a board with squares which is formed by 8 rows and 8 lines, just like in chess. It is for two players, each one gets twelve pieces of discs, which he needs to arrange in such a way to place them in the first three horizontal lines on his side, but only on the dark squares. The player who has the dark discs is the one who starts the game; usually one set of the discs is red and the other black.
The main objective of checkers is to put your opponent in a situation in which he cannot make any kind of move and capturing your enemy’s discs. The victory is obtained at the right moment when the opponent’s pieces are entirely eliminated. These discs are always moved diagonally, and keep in mind that white squares are never used. Besides this, there are two types of moves: non-capturing and capturing.
On one hand, when making a non-capturing move, a disc is moving diagonally only one square. On the other hand, a piece makes the capturing move whenever it “jumps” an opponent’s disc, which happens also on a diagonal way. Imagine that a black disc has a white disc in front of it and in this situation the dark piece jumps the white disc and lands on the other side; of course this happens in the same direction: on the diagonal. This move also contains the capturing of the enemy’s piece and that specific disc needs to be removed from the board.
During one capturing move, a single piece can make more “jumps”. This may occur when the capturing disc is in such a position that he is allowed to make several capturing moves at once. In addition, a single piece can capture more of the opponent’s discs if it is on an appropriate location.
In case a checker reaches the edge of the opponent’s board, which is called “the king’s row”, it is crowned with another checker, this means that the checker is now a king; this specific checker is allowed now to move backwards in the same time.
There are some exceptional tips which should be taken into consideration when you are planning to win or make your opponent’s moves impossible, even though you are playing just for fun. Check these tips out and keep them in mind as much as you can.
So, first of all, it is vital that you have in your thought the main objective: eliminating the opponent’s pieces.
Of course, this requires a bit of sacrifice, no doubt about it. Analyze closely the moves and take the risk: it is not a disaster if you lose one of your discs in order to capture two or three pieces of your enemy. The next think you should concentrate on is to try blocking your king’s row, and this way your opponent won’t be able to crown his pieces.
Then, make your moves in a forethought way, so that you move your discs between your own pieces and you can slowly slip through enemy’s pieces. Try not to put your discs in the center of the board, as this may lead you to being unable to move and then comes loss. You can also move your pieces on one side, as this is at your advantage as long as these cannot be “jumped” over.
As a conclusion, this game requires a great examination, so before you make your moves be sure that you have looked at it attentively and have taken all the possibilities into account. Checkers is not a complex game, so have some fun, try your luck and you can easily become a professional player.